The scientific method is the name of a broad framework for studying and learning more about the world around us in a scientific manner. This is not so much a series of absolute, unchangeable steps as a guideline to the way that has to be used when trying to reach a scientifically acceptable theory about a subject matter.
Therefore, it is impossible to provide a limited number of steps or an exact procedure for following the scientific method. However, the scientific method steps below explain the main steps that scientists usually take when conducting a scientific inquiry.
1. Make an observation
Scientists are always curious about the world. While a lot of people may pass by a curious phenomenon without sparing much mind for it, a scientific thought will take note of it as something worth further thought and investigation.
2. Form a question
After doing an interesting observation, a scientific mind wants to find out more about it. It is such a natural phenomenon. For those who are wondering why or how something occurs, you have been listening to the scientist in you. In the scientific method, a question usually converts general wonder and interest to a channelled line of thinking and inquiry.
3. Form a hypothesis
A hypothesis is known as an informed guess as to the possible answer of the question. This one may be formed as soon as the question is posed, or it may need a great deal of background research and inquiry. The aim of it is not to arrive at the perfect answer to the question but to provide a direction to further scientific investigation.
4. Conduct an experiment
Once the thing called hypothesis has been formed, it must be tested. It is done by conducting a carefully designed and controlled experiment. The experiment is an essential thing in the scientific field, as it is used to prove a hypothesis right or wrong, and to formulate scientific theories. If you want to be accepted as scientific proof for a theory, an experiment must meet particular conditions. It has to be controlled. For instance, it must test a single variable by keeping all other ones under control. Aside from that, the experiment must also be reproducible so that it is able to be tested for errors.
5. Analyse the data and draw a conclusion
As the experiment is conducted, it is necessary to keep in mind the results. In any experiment, it is important to conduct some trials to make sure that the results are constant. Then, the experimenter analyses all the data and uses it to draw a conclusion about the strength of the hypothesis. If it proves the hypothesis right, the original question is answered. On the other hand, if the data is proven wrong, the scientific inquiry continues by doing research to form a new hypothesis and then conducting an experiment to test it. The process goes on until the hypothesis is able to be proven correct by a scientific experiment.